The new relationship will not be highlighted until the end of the transition period, when negotiations are completed. The new agreements will enter into force after the transition period that ends on December 31, 2020. EU countries must first approve these new agreements. If Britain and the EU fail to reach an agreement, there will be a “non-deal” of Brexit. This will be done at the end of the transition period. The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas:[16] The withdrawal agreement came into force on 1 February 2020, after being agreed on 17 October 2019, along with the political declaration setting out the framework for the future partnership ENTRE the EU and the UK. The House of Commons votes on the Brexit bill. This means that the UK is on track to leave the EU on 31 January. However, the House of Lords and the European Parliament have yet to approve the agreement. 10.Am 28 February 2018, the European Commission published the first draft withdrawal agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom, in which the December joint report was implemented in accordance with the agenda. On 19 March, an amended text was published to highlight the areas of concordance and disunity with green, yellow and white coding9. The British Parliament has already forced the Prime Minister to write a letter to the European Union requesting that the Article 50 negotiating deadline be extended until 31 January 2020.

The application is still being considered by the EU and it has not yet been decided whether the UK should benefit from an extension of its membership beyond 31 October 2019. If an extension is not decided unanimously by the EU, the UK will leave the EU without a deal on 31 October 2019. On the issue of the Irish border, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the “backstop”) which is attached to the agreement and establishes a position of withdrawal which will only come into force in the absence of effective alternative provisions before the expiry of the transition period. In this case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will stick to aspects of the internal market until such an event is carried out. Neither party can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a “hard” border in Ireland, where customs controls are needed. [19] British Prime Minister Theresa May is calling on the EU to postpone Brexit until 30 June 2019.